Leather types

LEATHER CLASSIFICATION:

1. Natural leather
leathers obtained from animals, subjected to tanning processes and other finishing processes. These are among others:

  • Bovine animals - the most commonly used ones
  • Veal or lamb - extremely delicate
  • Goat (nappa leather)
  • Pig's leather
  • Cordovan - the skin from the back of the horse's ridge subjected to a complicated tanning procedure, most often used for the production of shoes
  • Exotic (e.g. from lizards, snakes or crocodiles)

Open / closed leathers. Closed leather does not absorb water.

We divide open leathers into:

  • aniline or open and unprotected leather,
  • semi-aniline, already gently protected. The water is not absorbed, but the trace remains

2. Synthetic 

that is artificial leather, eco-leather, ecological leather and other imitations


LEATHER TYPES:

1. Full grain leather (smooth) - means properly treated, subjected to tanning and other processes, smooth top layer of the leather

  • aniline
  • semi-aniline
  • pigmented smooth leather


2. Top grain leathers (rough) - we basically distinguish two, often confused types:

  • Suede leathers (suede or velours) - the underside of the leather has the structure of a nap. The velours has longer bristles.
  • Nubuck leather (nubuck) - the top part of leather is buffed, only single fibers are visible and the bristles are definitely shorter than in suede.
  • Both types have a delicate structure and are characterized by a very soft touch.


3. Lacquered leathers - they are characterized by high gloss, they are smooth and there are no signs of scars on them. Such leathers are colored or covered with a shiny foil. They are used above all in the production of shoes, headwear and bags. 

  • BRUSH-OFF  - after applying the appropriate varnish layer, surface of leather is brushed to create uneven tone.

4. Synthetict

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